Announcements & Documents

Bioethics Days 2: Bioethics in Pandemics
Report
12/24/2020

Bioethics Days 2: Bioethics in Pandemics, Acibadem University School of Medicine 24.12.2020

Second Meeting of Bioethics Days was dedicated to Bioethics in Pandemics held in collaboration with Acibadem University Social Sciences Institute and Acibadem University Health Sciences Institute Bioethics MSc. Programme on December 24, 2020, as an online scientific platform. The speakers were selected multidisciplinary. Prof. Yesim Isil Ulman, PhD analyzed the bioethical aspects whilst dealing with the issue of COVID-19 pandemics. Prof. Pinar Okyay MD, PhD, explored the management of the COVID-19 pandemics in view of public health approach and concerns. Prof. Dr. Caglar Cuhadaroglu gave information about the medical perspective and healthcare provision during the COVID-19 pandemics based on evidence and clinical data. The meeting attracted attention of audience from various disciplines such as medicine, pharmacy, psychology, sociology, law, history, as well as the undergraduate and post graduate students of life and social sciences. The discussions were enhanced by questions on vaccines and vaccination. Bioethics Days 2: Bioethics in Pandemics ended with the report below.

“Infectious diseases are major public health concerns as they cause deaths, disabilities, and provoke epidemics and pandemics. Although they are transmitted from animal to man, from man to man by pathogenic microorganisms, they are preventable, curable, and preventable diseases. Historically there have been significant scientific achievements whilst struggling with infectious diseases by means of immunization, such as smallpox, chickenpox vaccinations. As a matter of fact, the COVID-19 infectious disease which was caused by novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) was first detected in China in December 2019, and it soon triggered a global pandemic spreading most continents and countries world wide. As well as understanding what to do in scientific, medical, legal, economic, sociological aspects in the fight against the pandemic, there is a need to question "how" this struggle should be conducted. This takes us to analyze the ethical dimension of the issue, according to bioethics principles.

In the fight against the COVID-19 outbreak, while evidence-based scientific and medical intervention continue; bioethics recommends that all developments should be shared with the public with accountability, transparency, integrity; everyone should be treated equally; individual autonomy should be proportionally balanced with the public beneficence under the circumstances of quarantine and isolation; solidarity and cooperation should be promoted between people, hospitals, centres and countries; economic life can be supported by mutual cooperation and solidarity; governments should respond to the needs of the people with justice and fairness; outbreak policies and strategies should be managed in the light of humanitarian, pluralistic, democratic vision; respect to environment, biosphere, biodiversity should be considered responsibly all in line with human rights and dignity”. (*)

(*) Source: Ulman YI. “A Bioethical Perspective for the COVID-19 Infectious Disease Pandemic”,  ACU Sağlık Bil Derg (Acibadem Univ. Health Sciences Journal) 2020; 11(3):365-371.

https://www.acibadem.edu.tr/en/events/bioethics-days-2-bioethics-in-pandemics 

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Bioethics Days 1: Artificial Intelligence in Healthcare, as a Game Changer
Report
10/3/2019

ACIBADEM ÜNİVERSİTESİ BİYOETİK GÜNLERİ 1: SAĞLIKTA YAPAY ZEKA, OYUNU DEĞİŞTİREN AKTÖR

Acıbadem Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü Biyoetik Yüksek Lisans Programı ve

Tıp Tarihi ve Etik Bölümü Ortak Etkinliği, 03.10.2019

Yapay Zekâ, insan beyninin fonksiyonlarını temel alarak, insan gibi düşünüp, insan gibi algılayan, insan gibi yorumlayıp, insan gibi çözümleme yapan, tüm bu aşamalardan sonra, insan gibi karar verebilen, organik olmayan, bilgisayar, program, robot ve benzeri sistemlere verilen isimdir. Asgari düzeyde insan müdahalesi ile çalışarak, akıllı muhakeme yapan, karar veren ve davranan bilgisayar kullanımını tarif eden genel bir terimdir. Resmi olarak, geçmişi 1956 yılına dayanan, bilimde ve mühendislikte akıllı makinalar üretimine odaklanmış olan bu sistemlerde çok kısa zamanda son derece hızlı gelişmeler yaşanmıştır. Bilimde, eğitimde, mühendislikte olduğu kadar, tıpta da geniş yararlanma potansiyeli taşıdığı fark edilmiş; robotik cerrahi, tıbbi tanı, biyoistatistik, insan biyolojisi, “omiks” teknolojilerinde; koruma, tanı, tedavi, sağlık hizmeti sunumu gibi çok katlı alanlarda fayda sağlayabileceği anlaşılmıştır.

Bu bilgiler ışığında Acıbadem Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü Biyoetik Yüksek Lisans Programı ve Tıp Tarihi ve Etik Bölümü liderliğinde, 3 Ekim 2019 tarihinde Üniversitemizde Biyoetik Günleri 1:  Sağlıkta Yapay Zeka, Oyunu Değiştiren Aktör başlıklı bir sempozyum düzenlenmiştir. Sağlık, Fen ve Sosyal bilimcilerin bildirileri ile katıldıkları, multidisipliner nitelikteki bu toplantıda, tıpta ve sağlık hizmetlerinde yapay zeka sistemlerinin kullanımının bugünkü durumu ile gelecekteki etkileri, davetli konuşmalar, panel bildirileri ile ayrıntılı olarak ele alınmıştır. Toplantıda ayrıca, etik, psikoloii, tıp mühendisliği, nörobilim uzmanlari ile Acıbadem Üniversitesi mezun ve öğrencilerinden oluşan bir araştırma ekibi (Ülman, Aktaş, Kahraman ve ark.), insan sağlığı ile doğrudan ilgili tıp alanında yapay zeka sistemlerinin kullanımını, etik ilkeler ve mesleki değerler boyutu ile inceledikleri orjinal araştırmalarının bulgularını sunmuşlardır. Toplantıya, İstanbul’daki birçok üniversiteden öğrenciler ve farklı disiplinlerden konuyla  ilgilenen yaklaşık 150 kişi katılmıştır.

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BIOETHICS DAYS 1: AI IN HEALTH, AS THE GAME CHANGER, 3 October 2019

Acıbadem University Bioethics Master Programme &  History of Medicine and Ethics Department

Artificial Intelligence (AI) is generally defined as the inorganic systems such as computers, programmes, robots and systems alike that can think, sense, evaluate, reasons, resolve and consequently makes decisions like humans on the basis of a system modelling human brain structure.  AI systems can be utilized, in science, education, engineering as well as in medicine. The fact that AI can be used for preventive, diagnostic, prognostic and surveillance dimensions of medicine, may also raises ethical concerns.

To this aim, Acibadem University Bioethics Master Programme & the Department of History of Medicine and Ethics (Member to EACME) has dedicated its first symposium on this theme: Bioethics Days 1: AI in Healthcare, as a Game Changer. This interdisciplinary symposium elaborated with invited speeches, original studies, panel sessions discussed the AI systems in healthcare thoroughly, and brought about main ethical problems faced by the physicians and their views about the future of this new technology. The Symposium gathered together experts and academics from interdisciplinary fields in medicine, science and social sciences, drew also attention of so many students and experts who are interested in this new technology, therefore the participants exceeded 150 people. In the symposium, a multidisciplinary research team, led by Ulman, Aktas and Kahraman et al. presented the results of their original research (a qualitative study) on the ethical and social implications of the use of AI system in medicine and healthcare.

 

https://www.acibadem.edu.tr/en/events/bioethics-days-i-al-in-health-as-the-game-changer 

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Thesis Documents

The Galataserail Period of the Imperial School of Medicine based on the Journal de Constantinople (Journal de Constantinople’a göre Mekteb-i Tıbbiye-i Adliye-i Şahane’nin Galatasaray dönemi)
Gazette Médicale de Constantinople and its significance in the history of medicine in Turkey (Gazette Medicale de Constantinople’un tıp tarihimizdeki önemi)

Lesson Materiels

Set of slides
Bioethics & Movies Elective Course

Brochure or Poster Showing the Program Content of the Training / Course

Raising Young Scientists First Step Course: Scientific Researches and Ethics (Genç Bilim İnsanı Yetiştirme Programı - İlk Adım)