Aims: Red cell distribution width to platelet ratio (RPR) has been reported as a useful inflammatory marker and prognostic indicator of adult inflammatory diseases. In the present study, red cell distribution width (RDW) and RPR parameters, which are parts of a complete blood count analysis, were compared to the traditional C reactive protein (CRP) and procalcitonin (PCT) parameters to investigate the potential to predict early onset sepsis (EOS) in neonates with or without positive blood cultures. Methods: An observational, retrospective cohort study was conducted to evaluate newborns born in our hospital. Results: RDW, RPR, CRP, PCT, Immature to total neutrophil ratio (I/T), and white blood cell (WBC) counts were higher in suspected and proven EOS compared to control group. Conclusion: We believe that RPR may be used in diagnosis of early onset neonatal sepsis and may be a good alternative to other tools as a readily available biomarker.