Nurses' opinions about their quality of worklife and related factors

UĞUR E., Abaan S.

TURKIYE KLINIKLERI TIP BILIMLERI DERGISI, vol.28, no.3, pp.297-310, 2008 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 28 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2008
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.297-310
  • Acibadem Mehmet Ali Aydinlar University Affiliated: No


Objective: Quality of work life (QWL) is a critical factor that may influence the ability of a competent nurse to provide quality care. Organizational factors may effect how the staff views their QWL. This study was carried out to investigate the opinions of nurses on their QWL life and related factors. Material and Methods: The research sample was selected among nurses working in 8 Ankara province hospitals with 500 beds and more. Out of 301 eligible nurses, 271 questionnaires were evaluated. Data were collected with a questionnaire prepared by the investigators including 31 items reflecting the QWL life issues evaluated on a 5-point Lichen Scale. Results: Overall, 62.3% of the nurses (N= 271) evaluated their work life as generally "good". The percentage of nurses working in a university hospital who indicated that their QWL was "good" was 67.2%; this rate was higher than that among nurses working in government hospitals (50.0%) and social security institution hospitals (51.2%). Nurses (39.6%) who reported their QWL as "good" thought that they might stay at least 6 more years in the hospitals they currently work. On the other hand, almost one third of the nurses who evaluated their QWL as "bad" (37.7%) thought that they might leave the hospital they work within a year. Conclusiom This study suggests that it is necessary to establish a satisfactory work environment to improve the QWL for nurses and to set selection standards for nurse managers who are responsible for providing a favorable work environment and to provide training opportunities for nurses particularly the hospitals of the Ministry of Health and the Social Security Institution.