A 56-year-old man presented with acute loss of vision and tearing in his left eye. Slitlamp examination demonstrated peripheral corneal edema extending between the 2 and 6 o'clock positions as well as a perforation located inferiorly. The right eye was unremarkable. An emergent crescentic lamellar keratoplasty was performed. The patch graft remained clear during the 30-month follow-up, and visual acuity improved significantly. No changes occurred in the right eye. This case represents an unusual, unilateral corneal ectatic disorder, most likely pellucid marginal degeneration. (C) 2001 ASCRS and ESCRS.