The Effects of Local and Systemic Administration of Proline on Wound Healing in Rats


AYDIN H., Tatar C., Savas O. A. , KARŞIDAĞ T. , ÖZER B., Dursun N., ...More

JOURNAL OF INVESTIGATIVE SURGERY, vol.32, no.6, pp.523-529, 2019 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 32 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/08941939.2018.1441342
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF INVESTIGATIVE SURGERY
  • Page Numbers: pp.523-529

Abstract

Purpose: Wound healing consists of a sequence of complex molecular and cellular events. Collagen is composed mainly of proline and hydroxyproline. Proline and hydroxyproline constitute 1/3 of the amino acids in collagen, which makes up approximately 30% of the proteins within the body. The hydroxylation of proline found in collagen determines the stability of the triple helical structure of collagen. In this study, we examined the effects of local and systemic administration of proline on wound healing. Materials and Methods: 24 female Sprague-Dawley rats were used in the study and divided into three groups. Group 1: The defect created in the backs of the subjects was left to secondary healing. Group 2: 200 mu l proline per day was administered topically for 30 days on the defect in the backs of the subjects. Group 3: 200 mu l per day was administered intraperitoneally for 30 days on the defect in the backs of the subjects. Results: On day 21, there was a statistically significant difference between the groups in terms of the mean re-epithelialization score. On days 7 and 14, there was a statistically significant difference between the groups in terms of the mean granulation score. On days 7, 14, and 21, there was a statistically significant difference between the groups in terms of the mean collagen accumulation score. On day 30, there was a statistically significant difference between Groups 1 and 3 in terms of the mean E-mode score on mechanical tensile test. Conclusion: Our study confirmed that proline has positive effects on wound healing. However, it revealed that systemic administration of proline is more effective than local administration of proline.