Seizures in children with myelomeningocele

Isık U.

in: Spina Bifida:Management and Outcome, Ozek MM,Cinalli G,Maixner WJ, Editor, Springer, London/Berlin , Milan, pp.297-301, 2008

  • Publication Type: Book Chapter / Chapter Vocational Book
  • Publication Date: 2008
  • Publisher: Springer, London/Berlin 
  • City: Milan
  • Page Numbers: pp.297-301
  • Editors: Ozek MM,Cinalli G,Maixner WJ, Editor
  • Acibadem Mehmet Ali Aydinlar University Affiliated: Yes


Seizures are reported to occur frequently in childrenborn with myelomeningocele. For patients with hy-drocephalus, the reported incidence of seizuresranges from 14.7-29% [1-7] whereas a much low-er incidence, roughly 2-8%, has been reported forchildren with myelomeningocele but without shunts[4, 8]. Not every study in the literature specifiesseizures versus epilepsy (recurrent unprovokedseizures) in these children. According to Bourgeoiset al. [9], patients with myelomeningocele experi-enced a significantly low incidence of epilepsy (7%)compared to other etiologies. Those with prenatalhydrocephalus demonstrated a prevalence of 38%and, in the same study, those with meningitis andpostinfective hydrocephalus carried a high risk ofepilepsy, in the order of 50%. In a different study,the incidence of seizures was 21%, whereas the in-cidence of epilepsy was 17.3% in children withmyelomeningocele [10
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