Spina Bifida:Management and Outcome, Ozek MM,Cinalli G,Maixner WJ, Editör, Springer, London/Berlin , Milan, ss.297-301, 2008
Seizures are reported to occur frequently in childrenborn with myelomeningocele. For patients with hy-drocephalus, the reported incidence of seizuresranges from 14.7-29% [1-7] whereas a much low-er incidence, roughly 2-8%, has been reported forchildren with myelomeningocele but without shunts[4, 8]. Not every study in the literature specifiesseizures versus epilepsy (recurrent unprovokedseizures) in these children. According to Bourgeoiset al. , patients with myelomeningocele experi-enced a significantly low incidence of epilepsy (7%)compared to other etiologies. Those with prenatalhydrocephalus demonstrated a prevalence of 38%and, in the same study, those with meningitis andpostinfective hydrocephalus carried a high risk ofepilepsy, in the order of 50%. In a different study,the incidence of seizures was 21%, whereas the in-cidence of epilepsy was 17.3% in children withmyelomeningocele [10
(PDF) Seizures in Children with Myelomeningocele. Available from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/226244758_Seizures_in_Children_with_Myelomeningocele [accessed Dec 23 2019].