Iron deficiency anemia may lead to impairment of many vital functions, including those in the cardiovascular system. However, the effects of iron depletion on cardiac function in the absence of anemia are not well known. In this study the authors examined the effects of iron deficiency without overt anemia on cardiac function in 59 children. Complete blood count, serum iron, serum iron-binding capacity, and serum ferritin levels were measured in all children. The children were divided into two groups according to serum ferritin levels: an iron-depleted group (n = 28) and a noniron-depleted control group (n = 31). Echocardiographic examinations were performed using M mode and Doppler echocardiographic methods in all children to assess cardiac function. No statistically significant difference was found between the two groups in terms of echocardiographic indices. Although the number of subjects in this study was small, the authors conclude that iron deficiency in the absence of overt anemia does not lead to important changes in cardiac function.