Effects of a long-acting somatostatin analogue, lanreotide, on bile duct ligation-induced liver fibrosis in rats


Tahan G., Eren F., Tarcin O., Akin H., Tahan V., Sahin H., ...More

TURKISH JOURNAL OF GASTROENTEROLOGY, vol.21, no.3, pp.287-292, 2010 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 21 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2010
  • Doi Number: 10.4318/tjg.2010.0102
  • Title of Journal : TURKISH JOURNAL OF GASTROENTEROLOGY
  • Page Numbers: pp.287-292

Abstract

Background/aims: Somatostatin receptors have been shown on hepatic stellate cells, and somatostatin infusion has been shown to inhibit hepatic stellate cells activation. We aimed to test the effects of a long-acting somatostatin analogue, lanreotide, on bile duct ligation- induced liver fibrosis in rats. Methods: Thirty-seven Wistar rats were divided into 5 groups as follows: Group 1, bile duct ligation+lanreotide; Group 2, bile duct ligation; Group 3, sham+lanreotide; Group 4, sham; and Group 5, control group. Lanreotide-autogel (20 mg/kg/month) or saline in intraperitoneal doses was administered. Serum biochemical parameters, liver collagen level, and oxidative stress and histological parameters were determined after 28 days. Results: The tissue collagen level, biochemical parameters (AST, ALT, bilirubins, alkaline phosphatase, gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase) and oxidative stress parameters (malondialdehyde, luminal, lucigenin) in the bile duct ligation groups were higher than in the sham-operated and control groups (p<0.001 for all). Lanreotide improved malondialdehyde and glutathione levels in the bile duct ligation+lanreotide group. In histopathological examination, bile duct ligation groups showed stage-3 liver fibrosis, while all the controls were normal. Lanreotide did not improve the liver fibrosis histologically or biochemically. Conclusions: A monthly active somatostatin analogue, lanreotide, improved malondialdehyde and glutathione; however, it was not able to improve bile duct ligation-induced liver fibrosis in rats. Although lanreotide is a long-acting medication, it did not show anti-fibrotic effects in the model.