Amitraz poisoning in children: Retrospective analysis of 21 cases


Ertekin V. , Alp H., Selimoglu M., Karacan M.

JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL MEDICAL RESEARCH, vol.30, no.2, pp.203-205, 2002 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 30 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2002
  • Doi Number: 10.1177/147323000203000215
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL MEDICAL RESEARCH
  • Page Numbers: pp.203-205

Abstract

The clinical and laboratory findings of 21 children with amitraz poisoning were evaluated retrospectively. Poisoning route, signs and symptoms of poisoning, duration of hospitalization and outcome were recorded. The mean age was 3.5 +/- 31.9 years and the ratio of males to females was 1.63. In all cases poisoning was via the oral route. The time from ingestion to onset of symptoms was 30 - 180 min. Drowsiness (100%) and loss of consciousness (100%) were the most common clinical findings, followed by vomiting (61.9%). Hypotension was observed in 66.7% of cases, bradycardia in 61.9%, respiratory depression in 42.9%, hypothermia in 9.3%, and 14.3% had generalized seizures responsive to diazepam. Hyperglycaemia and glycosuria were detected in 47.6% and 38.1% of cases, respectively. Minimally elevated transaminases and alkaline phosphatase levels were detected in 23.8% of cases. All patients recovered completely and were discharged within 1.0 - 5.2 days (mean, 2.1 +/- 1.1).