A Simple Method for Quantification of Five Urinary Porphyrins, Porphobilinogen and 5-Aminolevulinic Acid, Using Liquid Chromatography Tandem Mass Spectrometry

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Dogan O., Serdar M. A., Murat K., Sonmez C., Ispir E., SERTESER M., ...More

INDIAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL BIOCHEMISTRY, vol.34, no.1, pp.82-88, 2019 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 34 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s12291-017-0716-8
  • Page Numbers: pp.82-88
  • Keywords: Porphyrins, LC-MS, ALA, Porphobilinogen, PROFILES, EXCRETION, PLASMA
  • Acibadem Mehmet Ali Aydinlar University Affiliated: Yes


Analysis of porphyrins and 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA), porphobilinogen (PBG) in physiological liquids is required for diagnosis and follow-up of porphyrias. High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS) methods with higher specificity and sensitivity have been developed. The major disadvantage of those methods is that they require longer extraction times due to their matrix effects. The present study suggests a simple, fast, sensitive, and specific assay for determination of Coproporphyrin, 5-carboxylporphyrin, 6-carboxylporphyrin, 7-carboxylporphyrin, Uroporphyrin I and ALA, PBG in urine sample by direct injection without sample pre-treatment using LC-MS. For the purposes of the present study LC-MS device was set to multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) and positive ion mode. Porphyrins and ALA, porphobilinogen were characterized by their MS/MS product ion, spectra. ALA, PBG and 5 porphyrins were detected simultaneously. Limit of detection for Coproporphyrin, 5-carboxylporphyrin, 6-carboxylporphyrin, 7-carboxylporphyrin, Uroporphyrin I were 2nmol/L, where it was 5mol/L for ALA and 2mol/L for porphobilinogen. The present study suggests that the present method is very effective compared to many other available methods for it does not require pre-treatment, provides simultaneous results of ALA, PBG and 5 porphyrins quantitatively in a shorter span of time, and has suitable sensitivity and selectivity. LC-MS technique was used clinically for the determination of urine porphyrin levels.