Young Adults' Perceptions of Social Clock and Adulthood Roles in the Turkish Population


Pekel-Uludagli N., Akbas G.

JOURNAL OF ADULT DEVELOPMENT, vol.26, no.2, pp.105-115, 2019 (SSCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 26 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s10804-018-9298-9
  • Journal Name: JOURNAL OF ADULT DEVELOPMENT
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI)
  • Page Numbers: pp.105-115
  • Keywords: Social clock, Young adults, Major life transitions, Getting married, Having children, DEPRESSIVE SYMPTOMS, SELF-DETERMINATION, SEX-DIFFERENCES, LIFE-COURSE, GENDER, PARENTHOOD, AGE, TRANSITION, HEALTH, IMPACT
  • Acibadem Mehmet Ali Aydinlar University Affiliated: No

Abstract

The aim of this study was to examine how adulthood roles (marriage and parenthood) and the perceived timing of the achievement of these roles (early, on-time, late) were related to well-being (depression and life satisfaction) and need satisfaction (autonomy, competence, and relatedness) in young adults. The sample consisted of 433 female and 244 male (N = 685) participants. Results revealed that individuals who perceived themselves as on-time for marriage reported higher levels of well-being and need satisfaction compared with individuals who perceived themselves as early or late. In addition, individuals who perceived themselves as having children on-time reported lower levels of depression and higher levels of need satisfaction compared with individuals who perceived themselves as early. For female participants, employed women have higher relatedness than non-employed women. In addition, married participants have more relatedness and life-satisfaction, and less depression than unmarried participants. The results suggest that fulfilling adulthood roles and the perceived timing of these roles affects well-being and need satisfaction.