Neonatal colonic perforation is a rarely seen condition. Plain abdominal radiography of a 28-hour newborn consulted for vomiting and bloody stool revealed the presence of subdiaphragmatic free air, which necessitated surgical exploration. Transverse colonic perforation was detected during the exploration, and subsequently, a colostomy and appendectomy were performed. The postoperative follow-up period was uneventful. Necrotizing enterocolitis, Hirschsprung disease, and mechanical obstruction are some of the causes of colonic perforation during the neonatal period. Herein, we have shared a case of colonic perforation in an asphyctic newborn delivered after prolonged labor.