Purpose The aim of the study is to explore the role of computed tomography texture analysis (CT-TA) for predicting clinical T and N stages and tumor grade before neoadjuvant chemotherapy treatment in gastric cancer (GC) patients during the preoperative period. Materials and methods CT images of 114 patients with GC were included in this retrospective study. Following pre-processing steps, textural features were extracted using MaZda software in the portal venous phase. We evaluated and analyzed texture features of six principal categories for differentiating between T stages (T1,2 vs T3,4), N stages (N+ vs N-) and grades (low-intermediate vs. high). Classification was performed based on texture parameters with high model coefficients in linear discriminant analysis (LDA). Results Dimension-reduction steps yielded five textural features for T stage, three for N stage and two for tumor grade. The discriminatory capacities of T stage, N stage and tumor grade were 90.4%, 81.6% and 64.5%, respectively, when LDA algorithm was employed. Conclusion CT-TA yields potentially useful imaging biomarkers for predicting the T and N stages of patients with GC and can be used for preoperative evaluation before neoadjuvant treatment planning.