Medical Historiography: Controversies, Interactions Tıp Tarihyazımı: Karşıtlıklar, Etkileşimler

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Rasimoğlu C. G.

Osmanli Bilimi Arastirmalari, vol.21, no.2, pp.347-367, 2020 (Scopus) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Volume: 21 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.26650/oba.621210
  • Journal Name: Osmanli Bilimi Arastirmalari
  • Journal Indexes: Scopus, Index Islamicus, Directory of Open Access Journals, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.347-367
  • Keywords: clinical history of medicine, Historiography, medical historiography, medical history, social history of medicine
  • Acibadem Mehmet Ali Aydinlar University Affiliated: Yes


This article aims to present a general overview of the basic stages of medical historiography in Western Europe and the United States during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. The framework of the article is formed by the interaction of a clinical historiography, which is defined as classical and practiced primarily by physicians; and the social history of medicine, which has been put forward by social scientists, especially since the 1970s. Because the history of medicine was primarily regarded as the history of the evolution of medical knowledge, the early authors were physicians. The points of interaction with social sciences and several historiographies of medicine are identified in the article by examining the relationship between the scientific and medical developments, social events and attitudes. The main focus of the article are the ways of change of the history of illness and health by the transformation of the relationship between body and society.