Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the role of quantitative values obtained by superb microvascular imaging (SMI) and shearwave elastography (SWE) in the prediction of malignancy in intraductal papilloma-like lesions (IDPL).
Methods: In the study, 61 patients between the ages of 14 to 73 years (mean age 44) diagnosed with IDPL on ultrasound (US) examination between the years 2020 and 2021 were included. The B-Mode US findings (shape, margins, size, echo pattern, and accompanying ductal dilatation), SMI vascular index (SMIvi), E-mean, and SWE-ratio values were recorded.
Results: There was a statistically significant difference between malignant (n = 14) and benign (n = 47) groups in terms of symptoms (P = .005), size (P = .042), shape (P = .002), margins (P = .001), echogenicity (P = .023), microcalcifications (P = .009), SMIvi (P = .031), E-mean (P < .005), and SWE-ratio (P = .007). According to receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis, sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, area under the curve (AUC), positive predictive values (PPV), and negative predictive values (NPV) were 57.1%, 87.2%, 80%, 0.722, 57.1%, 87.2% for US; 71.4%, 49%, 55.7%, 0.692, 30.3%, 85.7% for SMIvi; 85.7%, 71%, 74%, 0.864, 46%, 94.3% for E-mean, and 50%, 75.4%, 83%, 0.707, 91.5%, and 50% for SWE-ratio, respectively. Best results were obtained when SMI and SWE values were used together, achieving a sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, AUC, PPD, NPD of 78.6%, 93.6%, 93.4%, 0.872, 91.7%, and 93.9%, respectively.
Conclusions: The SMI and SWE examinations are successful in the differentiation of benign and malignant intraductal lesions. They complement each other and contribute to B-mode US in managing IDPLs especially when used together. Our study is the first to compare the quantitative data of SWE and SMI in the differentiation of IDPLs.
Keywords: intraductal papillary lesions; papillary carcinoma; papilloma; shearwave elastography; superb microvascular imaging.