The Carotid Endarterectomy Cadaveric Investigation for Cranial Nerve Injuries: Anatomical Study


Cevik O. M. , Usseli M. İ. , Babur M., Unal C., Ekşi M. Ş. , Guduk M. , ...Daha Fazla

BRAIN SCIENCES, cilt.11, sa.2, 2021 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası: 11 Konu: 2
  • Basım Tarihi: 2021
  • Doi Numarası: 10.3390/brainsci11020211
  • Dergi Adı: BRAIN SCIENCES

Özet

Cerebral stroke continues to be one of the leading causes of mortality and long-term morbidity; therefore, carotid endarterectomy (CEA) remains to be a popular treatment for both symptomatic and asymptomatic patients with carotid stenosis. Cranial nerve injuries remain one of the major contributor to the postoperative morbidities. Anatomical dissections were carried out on 44 sides of 22 cadaveric heads following the classical CEA procedure to investigate the variations of the local anatomy as a contributing factor to cranial nerve injuries. Concurrence of two variations was found to be important in hypoglossal nerve injury: the presence of a direct smaller vein in proximity of the carotid bifurcation, and the intersection of the hypoglossal nerve (HN) with this vein. Based on the sample investigated, this variation was observed significantly higher on the right side. Awareness of possible anatomical variations and early ligation of any small veins can significantly decrease iatrogenic injury risk.