Comparison of effects of energy based devices on quality of life after sutureless thyroidectomy


Arikan A. E. , Ozyegin M. A.

MEDICINE, vol.101, no.2, 2022 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 101 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1097/md.0000000000028518
  • Title of Journal : MEDICINE
  • Keywords: medical device, quality of life, surgery, surveys and questionnaires, thyroid diseases, HYPOTHYROIDISM, SYMPTOMS

Abstract

Objective: In current literature, no studies evaluated effect of energy-based vessel-sealing-devices on quality of life after sutureless total thyroidectomies. This study aimed to identify any potential differences between two energy-based vessel-sealing-devices (Harmonic Focus, Ligasure LF1212) in patients with benign thyroid disorders who underwent sutureless total thyroidectomy. Materials and methods: Differences in quality of life of patients were evaluated using data obtained by Thy-PRO-39-Tr questionnaire prior to and four-week after surgery. Total and domain-based alterations in quality of life were compared between groups according to energy-based vessel-sealing-devices type (Group L, Group H). Additionally, data including demographics, height, weight, body mass index, neck circumference, sternomental distance were collected. Results: Of 1032 patients, 200 were eligible for study, at the end 193 were analysed. There were no differences between groups in terms of age, sex, body mass index, tobacco use. Analysis did not reveal any differences in overall quality of life between groups (P = .42). However, in "eye symptoms" (P < .001) and "cognitive functions" (P = .002) domains, Harmonic provided statistically improved quality of life. Effect on cognitive function was greater in patients of advanced age. Conclusions: Especially in elderly patients with worsening eye conditions and cognitive functions, use of Harmonic may enhance patients' outcome by increasing quality of life in addition to optimizing surgical outcome when compared to Ligasure.