17th European Work and Organizational Psychology Congress, Dublin, Ireland, 17 - 20 May 2017, pp.1566
Academics vs Corporate Employees: Do individual antecedents of workaholism differ for different working conditions? S. Arıkan 1,*, E. Atilla Bal 2 1Psychology, İstanbul Medeniyet Üniversitesi, 2Psychology, Acıbadem Üniversitesi , İstanbul, Turkey
Working conditions has changed since Oates (1971) first coined the term Workaholism. Today workaholism is more prevalent as contemporary organizations make employees more prone to workaholic habits. The developments in telecommunication technology broke up all the barriers between personal and work life. As a result of global competition, organizations and managers reinforce employees’ workaholic habits. Some scholars approach workaholism as a stable individual characteristic (Scott, et al., 1997). Some characteristics might increase employees’ tendency to become workaholics. In this study we aimed to shed light on these properties by investigating personality traits and values as antecedents of workaholism for both academics and corporate employees. Totally 67 academicians and 227 corporate employees participated in our study. Big Five Inventory (John, and Srivastava, 1999), Portrait Values Questionnaire (Schwartz et al., 2001) and Dutch Work Addiction Scale (Taris and Schaufeli, 2003) were used to measure the variables in the model. It was found that values measuring conservation had effects on working excessively and working compulsively for corporate employees. However this was not true for academicians. For corporate employees neuroticism was positively related with both working excessively and working compulsively. Neuroticism was also found to affect working excessively for academicians. On the other hand conscientiousness was found to be affecting working compulsively besides neuroticism . Agreeableness and conservation in one side and openness and conservation on the other side found to be interacting while explaining working excessively for academicians. On the other hand neuroticism and self-enhancement interacted while explaining working compulsively for corporate employees.