The diagnosis and management of multiple renal arteries and veins have gained importance with the increasing number of kidney transplantations and improved techniques in interventional radiology and vascular reconstructions. The aim of this study is to define and to detect the rate of multiple renal arteries and veins in our living kidney transplant donors coming from all parts of our country.
Abdominal computed tomography angiogram findings of 878 kidney transplant donors were analyzed. The presence and the distribution of multiple renal arteries and veins in donors coming from 7 geographic regions in Turkey were noted.
The presence of multiple renal arteries was observed in 34% (48/141) of patients in the Marmara Region, 36.7% (79/215) of patients in the Black Sea Region, 37.2% (64/172) of patients in the Central Anatolia Region and 36.1% (30/83) of patients in the Southeastern Anatolia Region. The highest incidences of multiple renal arteries were observed in the Mediterranean and Aegean regions, affecting 40% (32/80) and 41.9% (26/62) of patients, respectively, while East Anatolia was found to have the lowest incidence, affecting 28% (35/125) of patients. The incidence of multiple renal veins also varied across regions. The highest incidence was observed in the Central Anatolia Region, where 23.3% (40/172) of patients were affected; the lowest was seen in the Aegean Region, where 11.3% (7/62) of patients were affected. In Turkey as a whole, 35.8% (314/878) of patients presented with multiple renal arteries, while the rate of multiple renal veins was found to be 19% (167/878) among our donors.
As 80% of the kidney transplantations performed in Turkey involve living donors, we think it will be useful to have knowledge of not only the presence of multiple renal arteries and veins, but also the distribution of this feature throughout the different regions of the country.