Object. Although cavernous malformations (CMs) are not detected in angiographic studies, they have a characteristic appearance on magnetic resonance (MR) images. A number of reports published in the last decade have focused on the behavior of these lesions within the clinical environment. However, little has been published about the evolution of CMs over time, as observed in imaging studies. To understand imaging-documented changes in CMs over time, we analyzed MR images of 114 cavernous malformations in 68 patients who were followed prospectively.