Encapsulated melatonin in polycaprolactone (PCL) microparticles as a promising graft material

Gurler E. B. , Ergul N. M. , Ozbek B., EKREN N., OKTAR F. N. , Haskoylu M. E. , ...More

MATERIALS SCIENCE & ENGINEERING C-MATERIALS FOR BIOLOGICAL APPLICATIONS, vol.100, pp.798-808, 2019 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 100
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.msec.2019.03.051
  • Page Numbers: pp.798-808


Electrospraying assures many advantages with taking less time and costing less relatively to the other conventional particle production methods. In this research, we investigated the encapsulation of melatonin (MEL) hormone in polycaprolactone (PCL) microparticles by using electrospraying method. Morphology analysis of the produced particles completed with Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). SEM images demonstrated that microparticles of 3 wt% PCL solution has the most suitable particle diameter size (2.3 +/- 0.64 mu m) for melatonin encapsulation. According to the characterization of the particles, electrospraying parameters like optimal collecting distance, the flow rate of the solution and voltage of the system detected as 8 cm, 0.5 ml/h, and 10 kV respectively. For determining the chemical bonds of scaffold Fourier-Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) were used and FTIR results showed that melatonin successfully loaded into PCL micro-particles. Drug release kinetics of the melatonin loaded particles indicated that melatonin released with a burst at the beginning and release behavior became sustainable over a period of 8 h with the encapsulation efficiency of about 73%. In addition, both in-vitro and in-vivo studies of the graft materials also completed. Primary human osteoblasts (HOB) cells and female Sprague Dawley rats were used in in-vitro and in-vivo studies. Test results demonstrate cell population, and bone volume of the rats grafted with composites has remarkably increased, this caused remodelling in bone structure. Overall, these findings indicate that encapsulation of melatonin in the PCL particles with electrospray method is optimum for new synthetic graft material.