Reconstruction of soft tissue defects around the Achilles region with distally based extended peroneal artery perforator flap.


Altinkaya A. , Yazar S., Bengur F. B.

Injury, vol.52, pp.1985-1992, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 52
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.injury.2021.04.015
  • Title of Journal : Injury
  • Page Numbers: pp.1985-1992
  • Keywords: Achilles tendon, Peroneal artery, Perforator flaps, Crural fascia, ANTEROLATERAL THIGH FLAP, ONE-STAGE RECONSTRUCTION, LOWER-EXTREMITY, LOWER LEG, PROPELLER FLAPS, TENDON, COVERAGE, FASCIA, SKIN, DESIGN

Abstract

Introduction: Achilles tendon rupture and soft tissue infections with wound dehiscence and tendon exposure following the tendon repair are not infrequent. Various procedures have been described for the reconstruction of soft tissue defects at the Achilles tendon region, yet there is lack of consensus on the ideal method. In this article we report our experience using the distally based peroneal artery perforator flap in reconstruction of combined defects of the Achilles tendon and overlying soft tissue. Methods: 7 patients with Achilles tendon injury and full-thickness soft tissue defects over the Achilles region underwent tendon repair and soft tissue reconstruction with the distally based peroneal artery perforator flap. Perforator vessels were identified at the septum between the peroneus longus and soleus muscles. After choosing the perforator with the largest diameter, meticulous deep dissection of the perforator was performed and completed 6 cm proximal to the lateral malleolus. The peroneal artery was transected and ligated and transposition of the flap to the defect was performed through a subcutaneous tunnel. Results: The size of the soft tissue defects and flaps ranged between 2 x3 cm to 4 x10 cm and 4 x5 cm to 5 x12 cm, respectively. Six out of 7 flaps survived completely without any complications. Post-operative venous congestion was observed in one patient which resulted in partial tip necrosis of the flap. The resulting wound healed with conservative treatment. Donor sites healed uneventfully in all patients. All flaps had excellent contour and provided stable soft tissue coverage. Conclusion: Distally based peroneal artery perforator flap can be considered as a reliable alternative for the reconstruction of soft tissue defects around the Achilles tendon region. Advantages include (1) extended reach of the flap for the defects around the plantar and dorsal aspects of the foot, provided by the perforator dissection, (2) convenience with footwear and walking, provided by the skin texture similarity with the target region, (3) creating a protective surface to allow tendon gliding and prevent tissue adhesions after the tendon repair, provided by the crural fascia included in the flap, (4) obviating the need for microsurgical anastomosis and associated length of the operation. (c) 2021 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.