İstanbul Bilgi Üniversitesi Yayınları, İstanbul, 2017
Galatasaray School of Medicine,The beginning of modernization in medicine during the late Ottoman Empire
The nineteenth century was a period of reformation for the Ottoman Society as a whole; the determined efforts for modernization beginning in the first decades had its reflections in the field of education, as well. Modern institutions of higher education started with the establishment of the Military Academy (1773), the Naval Academy (1793), and the School of Medicine, Tıbhane-i Amire, (1827) which was combined with the School of Surgery, Cerrahhane-i Mamure, later in 1832. Soon after, Tıbhane-i Amire ve Cerrahhane-i Mamure (School of Medicine and Surgery) failed to cover the needs of contemporary medicine and brought about demands for educational reform and for a more functional education system necessitating a larger building. An old palace school in Galata Saray at Pera (Istanbul) was modified and rebuilt to that aim, and the institution began to serve as the Imperial School of Medicine (Mekteb-i Tıbbiye-i Adliye-i Şahane) (1838), named in honour of the Sultan Mahmud II, Adli, the Just and Equitable. This institution was mentioned as “Ecole Impérial de Médecine de Galata-Sérai” or “Galatasaray Medical School” by foreign sources. The Imperial School of Medicine operated there as a modern medical institution for ten years.