Analysis of Vitamin D Receptor Gene Polymorphisms in Vitiligo

Aydingoz I. E. , Bingul I., Dogru-Abbasoglu S., Vural P., Uysal M.

DERMATOLOGY, vol.224, no.4, pp.361-368, 2012 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 224 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2012
  • Doi Number: 10.1159/000339340
  • Title of Journal : DERMATOLOGY
  • Page Numbers: pp.361-368


Background: Vitiligo is a progressive depigmenting disorder characterized by the loss of functional melanocytes from the epidermis. The etiopathogenesis of vitiligo is still unclear. Vitamin D has both stimulatory and protective effects on melanocytes and acts through its nuclear vitamin D receptor (VDR) on target cells. Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between VDR gene polymorphisnns and susceptibility to vitiligo. Methods: 98 patients with vitiligo and 216 age- and sex-matched controls recruited from dermatology outpatients attending the same department were included in the study. Genonnic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood leukocytes using a DNA isolation kit. The VDR polymorphisms of Bsml, Apal, Taql, Fokl and Cdx2 were investigated by rapid capillary PCR with melting curve analysis. Differences in genotype distributions and allele frequencies in vitiligo cases versus controls were compared for statistical significance using chi(2) test. Results: Subjects with Taql polymorphism had a 2.23-fold increased risk of developing vitiligo. Furthermore, a haplotype analysis showed that Bsml/Apal/Taql/Fokl/Cdx2 GCCCG was significantly over-represented in the vitiligo patients in comparison with controls (p = 0.031). Conclusion: This study showed that VDR Taql gene polymorphism and the haplotype Bsml/Apal/Taql/Fokl/Cdx2 GCCCG may be considered as novel risk factors in vitiligo. Copyright (c) 2012 S. Karger AG, Basel