Homozygous SQSTM1 nonsense variant identified in a patient with brainstem involvement


Kilic M. A. , Kipoglu O., Coskun O., Karacabey B. N. , Yesilyurt A., Yildiz E. P. , ...More

BRAIN & DEVELOPMENT, vol.43, no.10, pp.1039-1043, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 43 Issue: 10
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.braindev.2021.06.001
  • Title of Journal : BRAIN & DEVELOPMENT
  • Page Numbers: pp.1039-1043
  • Keywords: Ataxia, SQSTM1, P62, Myoclonus, Brainstem, Eye movement abnormalities, MUTATION

Abstract

In recent years, with advances in molecular genetics, many new mutations with various ataxic syndromes have been identified. Recently, homozygous sequestosome 1 (SQSTM1) gene variant with a progressive childhood-onset cerebellar ataxia, dystonia and gaze palsy was described. Here we describe a patient with progressive cerebellar ataxia and gaze palsy, as well as myoclonus, cognitive impairment and growth retardation with a homozygous SQSTM1 variant NM 003900.5:c.55G > T (p.Glu19*). Our case had brainstem lesions on brain magnetic resonance imaging that have not been previously reported. This novel finding expands the SQSTM1 gene-associated neuroradiologic spectrum. Homozygous SQSTM1 variant should be considered in the differential diagnosis in patients presenting with cerebellar findings, gaze palsy, and cognitive impairment to facilitate early diagnosis and genetic counseling. (C) 2021 The Japanese Society of Child Neurology. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.