Results of lateral internal sphincterotomy for chronic anal fissure with particular reference to quality of life


Mentes B. B. , Tezcaner T., Yilmaz U. , Leventoglu S., Oguz M.

DISEASES OF THE COLON & RECTUM, cilt.49, ss.1045-1051, 2006 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 49 Konu: 7
  • Basım Tarihi: 2006
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1007/s10350-006-0527-0
  • Dergi Adı: DISEASES OF THE COLON & RECTUM
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.1045-1051

Özet

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of lateral internal sphincterotomy oil quality of life in patients with chronic anal fissure using the Gastrointestinal Quality of Life Index and the Fecal Incontinence Quality of Life Scale. METHODS: Adult patients with chronic anal fissure underwent lateral internal sphincterotomy with the open technique. Two hundred forty-four patients completed the Gastrointestinal Quality of Life Index questionnaire at admission and at 12 months postoperatively. The Fecal Incontinence Severity Index score was calculated preoperatively and at 2 and 12 months postoperatively. The Fecal Incontinence Quality Of Life Scale was administered to any patient who had a Fecal Incontinence Severity Index score greater than 0 at 12 months postoperatively. RESULTS: The mean preoperative Gastrointestinal Quality of Life Index score was 118.34 +/- 6.33, which developed to 140.74 +/- 2-38 postoperatively (P < 0.001). At the two-month follow-up, 18 patients (7.38 percent) had a Fecal Incontinence Severity Index score greater than 0. By 12 months, the number of patients with Fecal Incontinence Severity Index score greater than 0 was reduced to seven (2.87 percent). These seven patients had a Gastrointestinal Quality of Life Index score similar to that of the group with postoperative Fecal Incontinence Severity Index score of 0, and only three patients (1.22 percent) had evident deterioration in the Fecal Incontinence Quality of Life Scale. The 12-month total Gastrointestinal Quality of Life Index score of the three patients who developed anal abscess/fistula after sphincterotomy (139-33 +/- 3.21) was similar to the Gastrointestinal Quality of Life Index score of those without complications. However, the Gastrointestinal Quality of Life Index score of the recurrent cases (111.53 +/- 3.53) was apparently low. CONCLUSION: The gastrointestinal quality of life improved significantly following lateral internal sphincterotomy,, regardless Of the Surgical complications or postoperative disturbances of continence. Only 1.2 percent of the patients experienced deterioration in Fecal Incontinence Quality of Life Scale.