Erciyes Tıp Dergisi, vol.20, no.4, pp.287-292, 1998 (National Refreed University Journal)
Chlamydia trachomatis (C. trachoma/is) infections are
the most common bacterial cause of sexually transmitted
diseases in the world. in women, these infections often
result in such serious reproductive tract complications
as pelvic inflammatory disease, infertility, and ectopic
pregnancy, and an infected woman can pass the
infection on to her newborn during delivery. The
pervasiveness of this often asymptomatic disease
necessitates that health care providers actively look C.
trachoma/is infection, especially in young women. C.
trachoma/is is an obligate intracellular organism
therefore tissue culture is the best diagnostic procedure.
Antigen detection, the enzyme immunoassay test and
nucleic acid hybridization tests remain important
challenges. Nucleic acid amplification technologies
make non-invasive urine testing cost effective and easily
performed in primary care. Historically the diagnosis of
C. trachoma/is infections has been difficult, but newer
chlamydia diagnostic tests have become clinically
available in the past decade.