Suprasellar germinoma with hypopituitarism in an 18-year old man: A case report and review of literature.


Celik O. , Ozyurt S., Saglican Y.

Clinical neurology and neurosurgery, vol.196, pp.106026, 2020 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 196
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.clineuro.2020.106026
  • Title of Journal : Clinical neurology and neurosurgery
  • Page Numbers: pp.106026

Abstract

An 18 year old patient was presented to the ophtalmology outpatient clinic with blurrred vision, headache and fatigue for 6 months. Ophtalmological examination showed loss of visual acuity in the left eye and decreased in the right eye and bilateral optic atrophy. Further physical examination pointed out delayed sexual development. Hypopituitarism was observed in endocrinological examination. Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) demonstrated contrast enhancing mass lesion at suprasellar region with involvement of posterior perimesencephalic cisternal region. The mass resected by craniotomy and pathology showed germinoma. Afterwards he received systemic chemotherapy with bleomisin, etoposide, cisplatin for 4 cycles followed by cranial radiotherapy with 30.6 Gy with a boost to the primary tumor at a dose of 19.8 Gy. On his follow-up MRI, there are no signs of residual tumor nor tumor recurrence. His final examination reveals slightly increased visual acuity in the right eye and he continued to take hydrocortisone and L-thyroxin. After one year follow-up, human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) alpha treatment was started for sexual development. Here in, we present a case with suprasellar germinoma in the context of the review of the literature.