Transarterial glue embolization in iatrogenic renovascular injuries

ÇİMŞİT N. Ç., Baltacioglu F., Cengic I., Akpinar I. N., Ilker Y., Turkeri L.

INTERNATIONAL UROLOGY AND NEPHROLOGY, vol.40, no.4, pp.875-879, 2008 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 40 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2008
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s11255-008-9380-5
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.875-879
  • Keywords: Biopsy, Embolization, Fistula, Glue, Iatrogenic, Injury, Kidney, Pseudoaneurysm, Renovascular, Transarterial, RENAL-ALLOGRAFTS, BIOPSY
  • Acibadem Mehmet Ali Aydinlar University Affiliated: No


Iatrogenic injuries of the intrarenal arterial system include pseudoaneurysms and fistulas. They can cause hematuria and life-threatening hemodynamic instability, and therefore should be treated promptly. Endovascular treatment is recommended for these cases due to its effectiveness. Among the different agents used for embolization, n-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate (glue) has rarely been used. We present 15 patients with pseudoaneurysms and/or arteriovenous or caliceal fistulas who were treated by glue embolization. In our patient group, five had a history of percutaneous nephrolithotomy, six had renal biopsies, three had nephron-sparing surgery, and one had percutaneous nephrostomy. Glue embolizations were performed with the microcatheter technique. All patients were successfully treated, and all but one had excellent follow-ups. One patient suffered from disseminated intravascular coagulation secondary to transfusion and died after the procedure. We think glue embolization is a safe and effective treatment for this group of patients and present our experience along with the technical approach.