JOURNAL OF PAIN, cilt.1, ss.275-278, 2000 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi)
In this study, we aimed to compare the analgesic effect of 30% sucrose and 10% and 30% glucose in a group of healthy term newborns. A total of 113 infants whose heels were pricked for the Guthrie test were included in the study. The babies were randomized into 4 groups, receiving 2 mt of 30% sucrose, 10% glucose, 30% glucose, or distilled water. Response to pain was assessed by mean crying time, recovery time, maximum heart rate, and percent change in heart rate at 1, 2, and 3 minutes. Mean crying times were 60, 102, 95, and 105 seconds in the sucrose, 10% glucose, 30% glucose, and placebo groups, respectively (P =.02). Although mean recovery time was shorter in the sucrose group (102 seconds), there was neither a significant difference between the groups (10% glucose, 121 seconds; 30% glucose, 109 seconds; control group, 132 seconds [P =.09]), nov was there a difference in maximum heart rate and percent change in heart rate at 1, 2, and 3 minutes after heel prick (P =.14 P =.05, P =.53 for the first, second, and third minutes, respectively). However, a statistically borderline difference existed at the end of 2 minutes favoring sucrose (P =.05). We conclude that 30% sucrose is superior to 10% and 30% glucose solutions in relieving pain, showing its primary effect in dying time. As glucose solutions are readily available in neonatal intensive care units and easier to use in routine practice, further trials are needed to evaluate the antinociceptive effect of glucose when combined with other nonpharmacologic methods.