Importance of endothelial dysfunction biomarkers in patients with Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever

Arslan M., YILMAZ G., MENTEŞE A., Yilmaz H., KARAHAN S. C. , Koksal I.

JOURNAL OF MEDICAL VIROLOGY, vol.89, no.12, pp.2084-2091, 2017 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 89 Issue: 12
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/jmv.24881
  • Page Numbers: pp.2084-2091


The pathogenesis of the Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) and the cause of the hemorrhage are not yet fully understood. However, the endothelium plays a key role in the pathogenesis. The purpose of this study was to investigate endothelial dysfunction markers (asymmetrical dimethyl arginine [ADMA], endothelin 1[ET-1], thrombomodulin [TM], von Willebrand factor [vWf], and intercellular adhesion molecule [ICAM-1]) in serum in patients with CCHF and their associations with hemorrhage. Seventy-three patients with CCHF were included in the study. All patients' endothelial dysfunction markers were studied using routine biochemical and hematological tests. The data obtained were then subjected to statistical analysis. Statistically significant differences were determined between the patients and healthy control groups at time of presentation to hospital in terms of ADMA (P<0.001), ET-1 (P<0.001), TM (P=0.039), vWf (P<0.001), and ICAM-1 (P<0.001) levels. Only the differences in TM and vWf were significant between the hemorrhagic and non-hemorrhagic groups (P<0.05). Both serum ADMA and TM levels were significantly higher in the hemorrhage and non-hemorrhage CCHF groups on the 5th day compared to the 1st day (P<0.05). Levels of endothelial dysfunction markers in CCHF vary in proportion to the damage occurring in the endothelium. ADMA and TM levels were lower in periods with mild endothelial injury. They were increased in line with severity endothelial injury. They may be an early marker in showing hemorrhage. Elevation in ADMA levels and low nitric oxide levels lead to endothelial injury and hemorrhage. Soluble TM that entered the circulation in line with the increased endothelial injury in hemorrhagic patients has been compromised the coagulation cascade.