Eustachian Tube Function in Flight Attendants


EMRE İ. E. , Dogan C.

INDIAN JOURNAL OF OTOLARYNGOLOGY AND HEAD & NECK SURGERY, 2021 (Journal Indexed in ESCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume:
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s12070-020-02338-2
  • Title of Journal : INDIAN JOURNAL OF OTOLARYNGOLOGY AND HEAD & NECK SURGERY

Abstract

Eustachian tube (ET) function is of utmost importance in people who are under constant barometric pressure changes in their daily lives. Proper functioning is essential in avoiding pressure related injuries. We aimed to investigate how well the ET functions in flying personnel and how it compares to the non-flying population.Prospective study. Acibadem University Atakent Hospital. 115 participants were included in the study. Each underwent a thorough otorhinolarynglogic examination then undertook a tympanogram followed by eustachian tube function (EtFT) test. A statistically significant difference in ear volume was observed in flight personnel. EtFT results showed the ability to equalize pressure after Valsalva manouvre was also significantly higher in flight personnel. Flight attendants that are subject to pressure changes throughout their careers do seem to be more capable of equalizing pressure through manoeuvres such as the Valsalva. This may be due to the fact that continuous pressure changes creates a more pliable tympanic membrane.