Precise localization of parotid duct: a cadaveric study


Uzmansel D., ELVAN Ö., AKTEKIN M.

ANATOMICAL SCIENCE INTERNATIONAL, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume:
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s12565-021-00626-7
  • Title of Journal : ANATOMICAL SCIENCE INTERNATIONAL
  • Keywords: Parotid duct, Parotid anatomy, Parotid duct localization, Parotid surgery, FACIAL-NERVE, ANATOMIC LANDMARKS, BUCCAL BRANCHES, SURFACE ANATOMY, MUSCLE

Abstract

This study aimed to determine the precise localization and course of parotid duct based on morphometric data obtained by measurements regarding several superficial landmarks and lines. Totally, 46 parotid ducts of 24 formalin-fixed adult amputated heads (12 female and 12 male) aged between 45 and 92 years, present in the collection of Anatomy Department, School of Medicine, Mersin University, were evaluated. First, three reference lines were defined: L1: between intertragic notch and labial commissure, L2: between intertragic notch and nasal wing, and L3: between intertragic notch and lateral palpebral commissure. The location of the parotid duct with respect to these lines were recorded. In all sides, parotid duct was detected in the middle 1/3 of L1. In 71.7% of all hemifaces, the parotid duct was making an upward curve around L1. Its proximal end exiting from the anterior border of the parotid gland was 12.34 +/- 28.83 mm below the proximal 1/3 point of L1. Then, it was crossing L1 at a point with a mean distance of 53.90 +/- 9.69 mm from the labial commissure where it is almost at L1 midpoint. Its distal end was located 9.61 +/- 2.88 mm above the distal 1/3 point of L1. In 21.7% of all hemifaces, PD was observed totally above L1, while the shortest distances of its proximal and distal ends to L1 were 4.35 +/- 2.45 mm and 13.17 +/- 4.52 mm, respectively. In 6.5% of all hemifaces, its proximal end was located just on L1, coursing upwards and terminating 11.76 +/- 2.53 mm above L1.