Identifying Patient-Specific Pathology in Osteoarthritis Development Based on MicroCT Analysis of Subchondral Trabecular Bone

Steinbeck M. J., Eisenhauer P. T., Maltenfort M. G., Parvizi J., Freeman T. A.

JOURNAL OF ARTHROPLASTY, vol.31, no.1, pp.269-277, 2016 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 31 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.arth.2015.08.021
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.269-277
  • Acibadem Mehmet Ali Aydinlar University Affiliated: No


The goal of this study was to identify alternative mechanisms of osteoarthritis pathology by analyzing subchondral bone. Femoral condyle samples were collected from post-menopausal female patients with knee osteoarthritis undegoing total knee arthroplasty. In the majority of patients, subchondral trabecular bone volume doubled under a region of the medial femoral condyle with full-thickness cartilage deterioration. However, in a subset of patients the bone volume in this region remained constant. This subset also had larger areas of vascular penetration in the calcified cartilage of the lateral condyle concurrent with increased vascular endothelial growth factor expression. Subtyping by subchondral bone characteristics identified a unique population, which lacked the sclerotic bone characteristic of late-stage osteoarthritis. Identification of subtypes within the osteoarthritis population allows investigation of alternate disease pathologies. (C) 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.