Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension: Diagnosis and Therapeutic Approach

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Akcakaya N. H., Akcakaya M. O., SENCER A., YAPICI Z.

TURKISH JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY, vol.23, no.2, pp.43-50, 2017 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Volume: 23 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.4274/tnd.97820
  • Page Numbers: pp.43-50
  • Keywords: Idiopathic intracranial hypertension, pseudotumor cerebri, primary pseudotumor cerebri, optic nerve compartment syndrome, review, OPTIC-NERVE DECOMPRESSION, PSEUDOTUMOR CEREBRI SYNDROME, SHUNT PLACEMENT, VISUAL-LOSS, SINUS, PRESSURE, HEADACHE, PAPILLEDEMA, TOPIRAMATE, MECHANISM
  • Acibadem Mehmet Ali Aydinlar University Affiliated: No


Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) is a condition of increased intracranial pressure without a secondary etiology. IIH is seen frequently in young and obese women. Headache, vision problems, and pulsatile tinnitus are the most common symptoms that lead patients to physicians. IIH requires a multidisciplinary approach because it could create permanent morbidity and its treatment plan should be individualized for each patient. The aim of this review was to provide an updated overview of IIH's pathogenesis, diagnostic criteria, and treatment strategies.