Iron porphyrin-modified PVDF membrane as a biomimetic material and its effectiveness on nitric oxide binding

Can F., Demirci O. C. , DUMOULIN F. , Erhan E., Arslan L. C. , Ergenekon P.

APPLIED SURFACE SCIENCE, vol.420, pp.625-630, 2017 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 420
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.apsusc.2017.05.183
  • Title of Journal : APPLIED SURFACE SCIENCE
  • Page Numbers: pp.625-630


Nitric oxide (NO) is a reactive gas well-known as an air pollutant causing severe environmental problems. NO is also an important signaling molecule having a strong affinity towards heme proteins in the body. Taking this specialty as a model, a biomimetic membrane was developed by modification of the membrane surface with iron-porphyrin which depicts very similar structure to heme proteins. In this study, PVDF membrane was coated with synthesized (4-carboxyphenyl)-10,15,20-triphenyl-porphyrin iron(III) chloride (FeCTPP) to promote NO fixation on the surface. The coated membrane was characterized in terms of ATR-IR spectra, contact angle measurement, chemical composition, and morphological structure. Contact angle of original PVDF first decreased sharply after plasma treatment and surface polymerization steps but after incorporation of FeCTPP, the surface acquired its hydrophobicity again. NO binding capability of modified membrane surface was evaluated on the basis of X-ray Photoelectron. Upon exposure to NO gas, a chemical shift of Fe+3 and appearance of new N peak was observed due to the electron transfer from NO ligand to Fe ion with the attachment of nitrosyl group to FeCTPP. This modification brings the functionality to the membrane for being used in biological systems such as membrane bioreactor material in biological NO removal technology. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.