MOLECULAR BIOLOGY REPORTS, cilt.40, ss.2717-2722, 2013 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi)
The etiopathogenesis of Graves' disease (GD) has not been clearly elucidated although the role of chronical inflammation and endothelial dysfunction has been established. Adhesion molecules such as intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM1), vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 (VCAM1), and E-selectin are secreted from vascular endothelium and promote accummulation of leukocytes in damaged endothelial areas. This study examined the possible association of ICAM1 (G241R and K469E), VCAM1 (T-1591C and T-833C), and E-selectin (S128R) single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) with the occurence of GD. ICAM1 (G241R and K469E), VCAM1 (T-1591C and T-833C), and E-selectin (S128R) SNPs in DNA from peripheral blood leukocytes of 171 patients with GD and 259 healthy controls were investigated by real-time PCR combined with melting curve analysis using fluorescence-labeled hybridization probes. We did not find significant differences in the distributions of studied polymorphisms, nor in the haplotype frequencies between patients with GD and healthy control. However, the anti-TPO levels in E-selectin 128R allele carrying subjects (SR + RR) were higher than S128S genotype (p < 0.05). In addition, the decline of TSH levels was more prominent in ICAM1 469 E carrying subjects (KE + EE) in comparison with wild homozygotes (p < 0.05). Although there is not assosiation between ICAM1 (G241R and K469E), VCAM1 (T-1591C and T-833C), and E-selectin (S128R) SNPs and susceptibility to GD, higher anti-TPO in E-selectin 128 SR + RR, and lower TSH in ICAM1 469 KE + EE subjects suspect that these genotypes are prone to increased antithyroid autoantibody production with more accentuated TSH suppression in GD. Further studies with a larger cohort, analyzing other polymorphisms in ICAM, VCAM1 and E-selectin genes are necessary to support our observations.