OBJECTIVE: Postoperative fibrosis is one of the most important causes of failed back surgery syndrome after lumbar disc surgery. Numerous natural and synthetic materials have been investigated as means to prevent or reduce postoperative scarring after these operations. Preservation of the ligamentum flavum for this purpose has not been studied in depth. A prospective, randomized, controlled clinical study was conducted. The aim was to present a new technique for preserving the ligamentum flavum during lumbar discectomy, and to evaluate whether this helps prevent or diminish postoperative fibrosis.