Optimisation techniques in vaginal cuff brachytherapy


Tuncel N., Garipagaoglu M., Kizildag A. U. , Andic F., Toy A.

BRITISH JOURNAL OF RADIOLOGY, cilt.82, ss.936-940, 2009 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi)

  • Cilt numarası: 82 Konu: 983
  • Basım Tarihi: 2009
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1259/bjr/50204374
  • Dergi Adı: BRITISH JOURNAL OF RADIOLOGY
  • Sayfa Sayısı: ss.936-940

Özet

The aim of this study was to explore whether an in-house dosimetry protocol and optimisation method are able to produce a homogeneous dose distribution in the target volume, and how often optimisation is required in vaginal cuff brachytherapy. Treatment planning was carried out for 109 fractions in 33 patients who underwent high dose rate iridium-192 (Ir-192) brachytherapy using Fletcher ovoids. Dose prescription and normalisation were performed to catheter-oriented lateral dose points (dps) within a range of 90-110% of the prescribed dose. The in-house vaginal apex point (Vk), alternative vaginal apex point (Vk), International Commission on Radiation Units and Measurements (ICRU) rectal point (Rg) and bladder point (BI) doses were calculated. Time-position optimisations were made considering dps, Vk and Rg doses. Keeping the Vk dose higher than 95% and the Rg dose less than 85% of the prescribed dose was intended. Target dose homogeneity, optimisation frequency and the relationship between prescribed dose, Vk, Vk', Rg and ovoid diameter were investigated. The mean target dose was 99 +/- 7.4% of the prescription dose. Optimisation was required in 92 out of 109 (83%) fractions. Ovoid diameter had a significant effect on Rg (p=0.002), Vk (p=0.018), Vk' (p=0.034), minimum dps (p=0.021) and maximum dps (p<0.001). Rg, Vk and Vk' doses with 2.5 cm diameter ovoids were significantly higher than with 2 cm and 1.5 cm ovoids. Catheter-oriented dose point normalisation provided a homogeneous dose distribution with a 99 +/- 7.4% mean dose within the target volume, requiring time-position optimisation. (C) 2009 The British Institute of Radiology