Evolution of three dimensional skin equivalent models reconstructed in vitro by tissue engineering

Auxenfans C., Fradette J., Lequeux C., Germain L., Kinikoglu B. , Bechetoille N., ...More

EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF DERMATOLOGY, vol.19, no.2, pp.107-113, 2009 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Volume: 19 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2009
  • Doi Number: 10.1684/ejd.2008.0573
  • Page Numbers: pp.107-113


Since the culture of keratinocytes on feeder layers, research to produce skin equivalents has been motivated by the challenge of treating large burns and chronic wounds and by European regulations which both require proof of the innocuousness and the effectiveness of cosmetic products, and which forbid animal testing. The dynamism in fundamental research, dermocosmetology and the pharmaceutical industry has led to the evolution and complexification of reconstructed skin. The Collagen-GAG-Chitosan sponge, as well as the self-assembly model, allow dermal reconstruction in which the neosynthesized extracellular matrix contains all of the desired macromolecules. It is deposited forming an ultrastructurally organised architecture. The quality of the dermis obtained allows the development and regeneration of a pluristratified and differentiated epidermis firmly anchored by an organised dermal-epidermal junction. Evolution of reconstructed skin into models which are more and more similar to the physiological skin results in higher graft take rates in the treatment of burns and chronic wounds, and brings to research, to dermocosmetology and to the pharmaceutical industry, a wide range of products such as pigmented, endothelialized, immunocompetent, and now adipose reconstructed skins. The present review will mainly concentrate on the latest developments in skin engineering and will mostly concern the studies carried out by our groups.