Background: To analyze the diagnosis and the surgical treatment of intrabiliary ruptured hydatid disease of the liver. Methods: Between 1990 and 1995, 263 patients with hydatid cysts of the liver underwent surgery in a university hospital. Twenty-five (9.43%) patients with intrabiliary rupture of hepatic hydatid cyst were retrospectively reviewed. Results: Diagnosis was principally made using ultrasonography and computed tomography scanning and was confirmed by the findings of other tests. In 12 patients (48%) partial cystectomy with primary closure; 5 patients (20%) partial cystectomy with drainage; 5 patients (20%) cystotomy with drainage; 3 patients (12%) left hepatic resection (atypic, segmentary or lobar) was performed. Omentoplasty was performed in 6 patients. The common bile duct was explored in all patients and it was drained by a T-tube in 22 patients, and by a choledochoduodenostomy in 3 others. The average postoperative hospitalization time was 8.3 and 22.5 days in patients treated with choledochoduodenostomy and T-tube drainage respectively. Cholecystectomy was performed in 18 patients. Complications were seen in 4 patients (16%) with 1 pleural effusion and 3 wound infections. There was only 1 death (4%) due to duodenal peptic ulcus perforation with intrabiliary ruptured hydatid cyst. Conclusion: This study indicates that T-tube drainage and choledochoduodenostomy in intrabiliary ruptured hydatid cysts are effective procedures with low morbidity and mortality rates.