Intraoperative ultrasonography is useful in surgical management of neck metastases in differentiated thyroid cancers


Ertas B., Kaya H., Kurtulmus N., Yakupoglu A., Giray S., Unal O. F. , et al.

ENDOCRINE, cilt.48, ss.248-253, 2015 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 48 Konu: 1
  • Basım Tarihi: 2015
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1007/s12020-014-0287-x
  • Dergi Adı: ENDOCRINE
  • Sayfa Sayısı: ss.248-253

Özet

Differentiated thyroid carcinomas are the most common malignancies of endocrine organs. Metastases to cervical lymph nodes occur in 20-50 % of cases. Recurrence and survival rates are closely related to the type of surgery performed. High-resolution ultrasonography (USG) is a sensitive imaging method used to detect occult lymph node metastases in patients with thyroid cancer. We evaluated how intraoperative USG affected surgical success. This was a retrospective study comparing two groups of patients with thyroid carcinoma who underwent cervical lymph node dissection. A total of 101 patients (33 males and 68 females) were included. Group 1 included 53 patients who underwent surgery with intraoperative USG guidance. Group 2 included 48 patients who underwent surgery without the use of USG. All patients were followed up (mean 23 months; range 5-44 months) with thyroglobulin measurements and USG evaluations. Group 1 (intraoperative USG) had a residual/recurrent tumor rate of 1.9 % (1/53 patients). Group 2 had a residual/recurrent tumor rate of 12.5 % (6/48 patients). A statistically significant difference appeared between the residual/recurrent tumor rates in Groups 1 and 2 (p < 0.05). In addition to its classical use in diagnosis and follow-up, intraoperative use of high-resolution USG can improve surgical success and may decrease the number of residual/recurrent tumors encountered during follow-up.