Prevalence and Risk Factors of Epilepsy Among School Children in Eastern Turkey


Huseyinoglu N. , Ozben S., Arhan E., Palanci Y., Gunes N.

PEDIATRIC NEUROLOGY, vol.47, no.1, pp.13-18, 2012 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 47 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2012
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.pediatrneurol.2012.04.007
  • Title of Journal : PEDIATRIC NEUROLOGY
  • Page Numbers: pp.13-18

Abstract

Epilepsy is a serious chronic brain disorder of childhood. We performed a cross-sectional prevalence study, determined the prevalence of childhood epilepsy, and identified the significance of certain risk factors for epilepsy among 1625 primary-school students aged 6-14 years, living in the center of Kars province. A questionnaire was prepared according to the definitions and principles of the Commission on Epidemiology and Prognosis, International League Against Epilepsy. Twenty-two children were diagnosed as epileptic. The point prevalence of active epilepsy in males was 4.9/1000, and in females 12.4/1000, representing a total of 8.6/1000. The cumulative prevalence in males was 11.0/1000, and 16.1/1000 in females, representing a total of 13.5/1000. Febrile convulsions, family history of epilepsy, serious maternal illness during pregnancy, a history of head trauma, antenatal/postnatal problems, and a history of neonatal jaundice were statistically significantly related to the development of epilepsy. (c) 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.