Perioperative intracranial hemorrhage in achondroplasia - A case report


Elmaci I. , Ain M., Wright M., Lee R., Sheppard J., Rigamonti D., ...More

JOURNAL OF NEUROSURGICAL ANESTHESIOLOGY, vol.12, no.3, pp.217-220, 2000 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 12 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2000
  • Doi Number: 10.1097/00008506-200007000-00003
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF NEUROSURGICAL ANESTHESIOLOGY
  • Page Numbers: pp.217-220

Abstract

We report a case of a 35-year-old man with achondroplasia who previously had thoracolumbar decompressive laminectomies, who developed recurrence of spinal stenosis at the thoracolumbar junction. The patient underwent standard repeat thoracolumbar decompression, removal of a disc, and spinal fusion with instrumentation in the prone position. Postoperatively the patient was confused. Computed tomography (CT) revealed hemorrhages in both cerebellar hemispheres with surrounding edema and mild mass effect. These were interpreted as venous hemorrhages. Conservative therapy was successful. This is the first case report of perioperative venous intracranial hemorrhage in the context of spinal surgery for achondroplasia. Distinctive anatomic characteristics of achondroplasia, combined with several potentially modifiable aspects of his management, may have predisposed the patient to this complication.