Normal patterns of flow in the superior caval, hepatic and pulmonary veins as measured using Doppler echocardiography during childhood


Ayabakan C. , Ozkutlu S.

CARDIOLOGY IN THE YOUNG, vol.13, no.2, pp.143-151, 2003 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 13 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2003
  • Doi Number: 10.1017/s1047951103000283
  • Title of Journal : CARDIOLOGY IN THE YOUNG
  • Page Numbers: pp.143-151
  • Keywords: cross-sectional echocardiography, paediatrics, venous flow, VENTRICULAR FILLING DYNAMICS, VELOCITY PATTERNS, VENOUS FLOW, VENA-CAVA, NORMAL-CHILDREN, HEART-FAILURE, PRESSURE, CIRCULATION, VARIABILITY, DISEASE

Abstract

To date, no reference values have been provided for right and left atrial filling in normal children. The aim of our study, therefore, was to characterize measurements of superior caval, hepatic, and pulmonary venous flow using Doppler echocardiography in a large group of normal children to reflect the effects of age, body mass index, sex, heart rate and respiration.