The relationship between epicardial adipose tissue and ST-segment resolution in patients with acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention


Zencirci E., Zencirci A. E. , Degirmencioglu A., Karakus G., Ugurlucan M., Ozden K., ...More

HEART AND VESSELS, vol.30, no.2, pp.147-153, 2015 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 30 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s00380-013-0459-2
  • Journal Name: HEART AND VESSELS
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED)
  • Page Numbers: pp.147-153
  • Keywords: Epicardial adipose tissue, Echocardiography, Myocardial infarction, No-reflow phenomenon, Primary percutaneous coronary intervention, NO-REFLOW PHENOMENON, METABOLIC SYNDROME, RISK-FACTORS, FAT, ASSOCIATION, REPERFUSION, PREDICTOR
  • Acibadem Mehmet Ali Aydinlar University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

The relationship between epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) and coronary artery disease has been predominantly demonstrated in the last two decades. The aim of this study was to investigate the predictive value of EAT thickness on ST-segment resolution that reflects myocardial reperfusion in patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI) for acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). The present study prospectively included 114 consecutive patients (mean age 54 +/- A 10 years, range 35-83, 15 women) with first acute STEMI who underwent successful pPCI. ST-segment resolution (Delta STR) < 70 % was accepted as ECG sign of no-reflow phenomenon. The EAT thickness was measured by two-dimensional echocardiography. EAT thickness was increased in patients with no-reflow (3.9 +/- A 1.7 vs. 5.4 +/- A 2, p = 0.001). EAT thickness was also found to be inversely correlated with Delta STR (r = -0.414, p = 0.001). Multivariate logistic regression analysis demonstrated that EAT thickness independently predicted no-reflow (OR 1.43, 95 % CI 1.13-1.82, p = 0.003). Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis demonstrated good diagnostic accuracy for EAT thickness in predicting no-reflow [area under curve (AUC) = 0.72, 95 % CI 0.63-0.82, p < 0.001]. In conclusion, increased EAT thickness may play an important role in the prediction of no-reflow in STEMI treated with pPCI.