Possible reflex pathway between medial meniscus and semimembranosus muscle: an experimental study in rabbits

Akgun U. , Kocaoglu B. , Orhan E. K. , Baslo M. B. , Karahan M.

KNEE SURGERY SPORTS TRAUMATOLOGY ARTHROSCOPY, vol.16, no.9, pp.809-814, 2008 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 16 Issue: 9
  • Publication Date: 2008
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s00167-008-0542-x
  • Page Numbers: pp.809-814


Meniscus is a well innervated tissue with four types of receptors. These receptors are mainly concentrated at the anterior and posterior horns. Although they are intended to be a part in reflex arc, this function has not been thoroughly evaluated. We hypothesized that electrical stimulation of the normal meniscus would elicit electromyographic activity of the hamstring muscle via the reflex arc. Five adult domestic male rabbits were used in this study. Under general anesthesia, knee arthrotomy and thigh dissection were done to expose medial meniscus and semimembranosus muscle. Menisci were stimulated by Teflon-coated bipolar needle electrodes. Needles were placed in the posterior horn of the medial menisci. Two Teflon-coated monopolar needle electrodes were placed in semimembranosus muscle. A four-channel electromyograph was used for recording. Two different potentials were recorded from the target muscle. The first response had a very short distal latency and its amplitude was changing in accordance with the strength of the stimulus, suggesting that this response was being elicited by direct muscle stimulation. The second delayed response with less amplitude also appeared in some traces. The latency and the amplitude of this second response were fairly stable stating that this delayed response was being generated by a reflex pathway and seen in all subjects.