Synthetic approaches to asymmetric phthalocyanines and their analogues

Nemykin V. N. , Dudkin S. V. , DUMOULIN F. , Hirel C., Gurek A. G. , Ahsen V.

ARKIVOC, pp.142-204, 2014 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Volume:
  • Publication Date: 2014
  • Doi Number: 10.3998/ark.5550190.p008.412
  • Title of Journal : ARKIVOC
  • Page Numbers: pp.142-204


This review summarizes synthetic strategies for the preparation of asymmetric phthalocyanines and their analogues. Cross-condensation between two phthalonitrile components, cross-condensation between one phthalonitrile and one non-nitrile component, targeted synthesis of AABB-type compounds, the subphthalocyanine ring-expansion method, as well as post-modification approaches on pre-formed symmetric and asymmetric systems, are discussed. Methodologies for targeted preparation of specific types of asymmetric phthalocyanines and their analogues are also briefly overviewed.