Prenatal Diagnosis of a Fetal Ovarian Cyst Complicated with Postnatal Ovarian Torsion: Case Report

Kaymak O.

Turkiye Klinikleri Gynecology Obstetrics, vol.24, no.3, pp.184-186, 2014 (Other Refereed National Journals)

  • Publication Type: Article / Case Report
  • Volume: 24 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2014
  • Title of Journal : Turkiye Klinikleri Gynecology Obstetrics
  • Page Numbers: pp.184-186


The incidence of fetal ovarian cyst (FOC) is estimated to be 30% in female fetuses but their size are rarely larger than 5cm in the prenatal period. Approach to these cases vary by the presence or absence of increase in cyst size and associated complications. Most of these cysts regress and disappear in the postnatal follow-up. Although the most frequent complication associated with FOCs is ovarian torsion, cyst rupture and hemorrhage is also not uncommon. In the case of ovarian torsion, necrotic and inflamed ovarian tissue may adhere to neighboring organs such as bladder and bowel, which may result in complications such as intestinal or urinary obstruction, perforation or even fetal demise. In this report, the follow up and postnatal treatment a case of fetal ovarian cyst that was diagnosed in the prenatal period is presented. The infant was operated for ovarian torsion in the postnatal 14th day.