The authors aimed to evaluate the relationship between high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and presence of left ventricular hypertrophy and diastolic dysfunction in patients with hypertension. A total of 95 newly diagnosed hypertensive patients (mean age, 54 +/- 10 years) and 20 controls were included in this study. Patients were divided into four groups according to relative wall thickness as normal, concentric remodeling, concentric, and eccentric hypertrophy. hs-CRP was measured in all patients and serum hs-CRP level was shown to be increased in patients with hypertension compared with controls (0.57 mg/dL vs 0.25 mg/dL, respectively; P<.001). The hs-CRP level was highest in patients with concentric hypertrophy. When compared with controls, serum hs-CRP level was significantly higher in patients with concentric remodeling (0.61 +/- 0.3 mg/dL vs 0.43 +/- 0.5 mg/dL, P<.030) and concentric hypertrophy (0.69 +/- 0.3 mg/dL vs 0.43 +/- 0.5 mg/dL, P<.032). The present study shows that serum hs-CRP is significantly associated with left ventricular diastolic function and concentric hypertrophy in patients with hypertension.